The term of medical marijuana denotes treating symptoms of illnesses or other conditions with the complete, unprocessed marijuana plant or its rudimentary extracts. The FDA has not approved or recognized the marijuana plant as medicine. But, studies of these chemicals in marijuana which are called cannabinoids and have led to 2 FDA-approved medicines in pill form, nabilone, and dronabinol and used to help nausea as well as boosting appetite. Cannabinoids are the chemicals associatedwith delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), marijuana’s main ingredient mind-altering cells.
Recent studies with animals have shown marijuana extracts could help kill some cancer cells as well asdiminish the size of others. Signs from studies with one-celldone with rodents show that extracts from the whole-plant that are purified, can slow growth of any cells from the more serious types of brain tumours. Research with mice showed treatment with extracts of CBD and THC that is pure, together with radiation, amplified the properties of the radiation killing cancer.
Preclinical and clinical trials
Scientists are also conducting trials both preclinical and clinical with marijuana and its extracts in treating symptoms from illness as well as other conditions, such as:
- Diseases that affect the immune system, like
- Multiple sclerosis (MS), that causes gradual loss of control of muscles;
- Substance use disorders;
- Mental Disorders.
There are women reporting the use of marijuana to treat severe nausea while pregnant. But there is no research showing this practice is safe and doctors generally do not recommend it.
Pregnant women should not use medical marijuana without checking with their healthcare provider. Studies with animal show that moderate amounts of THC given to women who are nursing or pregnant could have problems long-lasting on the child, including social interactions that are abnormal as well as issues of learning.